Damavand is a city in and the capital of Damavand County, Tehran Province, Iran.
At the 2006 census, its population was 56,315, in 11,279 families.
Damavand is an ancient and historic city. It is close to Iran's tallest peak Mount Damavand, which Ferdowsi mentions abundantly in the Shahnameh. The city has relatively cool weather year round. Damavand can be reached by road from Firuzkuh via Gilavand and from Haraz road, via Mosha.
It was separated from Tehran County in 1946 in Markazi Province (Known as Second Province at that time). Then in 1976 after the dissolution of Markazi Province it joined General Governorship of Semnan to form Semnan Province. In 1978 it joined the government controlled region of Capital City to form Tehran Province.